Different Feline Dental Health Problems To Be Aware Of
Despite dental hygiene being highly important in pets, this is an issue that is often overlooked in cats. Due to the fact that cats clean themselves so regularly, pet owners do not expect the animal’s teeth to be dirty. This negligence is one of the reasons why feline dental health is one of the largest health problems cats’ face.
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To ensure your pet cat receives adequate dental care, it is recommended that you have knowledge of the different problems they may face. This article will provide information on the different feline dental issues you should be aware of.
1. Feline Periodontal Disease
Feline periodontal disease is a dental health problem that occurs when there is a build-up of plaque on the tooth. The plaque forms tarter and pushes food debris and bacteria underneath the cat’s gum line. If the teeth are not brushed regularly, the bacteria can cause an infection of the gum and bone structure.
Common symptoms of feline periodontal disease include inflammation of the gums, bleeding gums, and bad breath. Fortunately, this disease can be easily treated. Mild forms of feline periodontal disease can be treated using antibiotics and dental cleaning. However, if the case is severe, the cat will require tooth extraction.
2. Feline Odontoclastic Oral Resorptive Lesions
Cats suffering from feline odontoclastic oral resorptive lesions (FORL) will experience painful lesions in the tooth. The lesion will begin as a shallow pit developing in the enamel of the tooth, and it will grow to destroy the tooth entirely. The tissue surrounding the tooth becomes inflamed as the lesion grows and if not treated, the infected tooth will need to be extracted. Lesions are typically caused by plaque accumulation.
3. Feline Stomatitis
Feline stomatitis is considered an autoimmune disease where the animal’s body becomes allergic to the plaque around the teeth. A common symptom of this health problem is an inflammation of the mouth extending to the throat. The cat may appear to be in pain, and he or she will paw at the mouth or refuse to eat. Feline stomatitis is a serious condition and must be treated immediately to avoid causing additional health problems.
Malocclusion is a dental health problem caused by abnormal tooth alignment. It can cause difficulty in eating; therefore, resulting in weight loss and other physical challenges for the cat. Malocclusion can be easily treated by veterinarians who specialize in feline dental health.
Final Words On The matter
Feline health is an important factor to consider when owning a cat. If your cat shows any of the above conditions, it is vital that you contact veterinarians to assist with the problem.